Pediatrics (paediatrics) is the branch of medicine that involves the medical care of Infants, Children, and Adolescents. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends people be under pediatric care up to the age of 21. A medical doctor who specializes in this area is known as a pediatrician, or paediatrician.


What is a Pediatrician?

A pediatrician specializes in providing medical care to younger patients (from birth until they reach adulthood), which can be all the way until their 21st birthday, but at the very least, up to their late teens. It is the duty of a pediatrician to not only diagnose and treat the ailments that generally affect infants, babies, children, adolescents and young adults, but to also assist their young patients in maintaining good health.

Pediatricians are primarily trained to:

  • Diagnose and treat illnesses typically associated with children, as well as address the special medical needs of younger patients, such as genetic defects, malignancies, childhood infections, and injury.
  • Assess the proper treatment approaches that cater to the specific age of a patient.
  • Perform annual checkups, routine examinations, and immunizations.
  • Determine whether a child is experiencing normal growth and development.
  • Order appropriate tests, prescribe medications, and perform medical procedures.
  • Provide medical care for children who are acutely or chronically ill.
  • Work towards reducing infant and child mortality.
  • Child neurology, a specialty in its own right
    • Epilepsy
    • Neurocritical Care
    • Pediatric neuro-oncology
  • Child psychiatry, subspecialty of psychiatry
  • Pediatric anesthesiology, subspecialty of anesthesiology
  • Pediatric dermatology, subspecialty of dermatology
  • Pediatric neurosurgery, subspecialty of neurosurgery
  • Pediatric ophthalmology, subspecialty of ophthalmology
  • Pediatric orthopedic surgery, subspecialty of orthopedic surgery
  • Pediatric otolaryngology, subspecialty of otolaryngology
  • Pediatric rehabilitation medicine, subspecialty of physical medicine and rehabilitation
  • Pediatric surgery, subspecialty of general surgery
  • Pediatric urology, subspecialty of urology